Fraction Card Games

For the following games you will need a deck of fraction cards. You can have the students create their own sets by giving each a set of index cards (3 1/2 × 5), and have them write the fractions in pencil so they can't be seen through the cards. Be sure to have them include all fractions with a denominator of 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 8, 10, and 12. (To challenge the students you may want to use the 7, 9, and 11 denominators as well.) Also have the students include two 0's such as 0/3 and 0/4 and two 1's such as 3/3 and 4/4.

In lieu of having the students make them, you can make your own decks rather inexpensively. The following links point to four sheets of fractions (each sheet has nine fractions). Simply print out each sheet (with 0.5-inch margins) and copy them onto some card stock. Colored card stock makes it difficult to see through the cards. If you wish, have the sheets laminated and, then cut out the cards using a paper cutter with a stop (to ensure they are all identical in size). To get exactly 36 cards, I decided to include two each of the 1/2, 1/3, and 1/4 fractions. The rest are all unique proper fractions in lowest terms. Note: the 8/9 looks like 6/8 when turned upside-down. Remind students that, since all the fractions are in lowest terms, 6/8 will not be in the deck.

Sheet 1: 0/4, 0/3, 1/2 (2), 1/3 (2), 2/3, and 1/4 (2)
Sheet 2: 3/4, 1/5, 2/5, 3/5, 4/5, 1/6, 5/6, 1/8, and 3/8
Sheet 3: 5/8, 7/8, 1/9, 2/9, 4/9, 5/9, 7/9, 8/9, and 1/10
Sheet 4: 3/10, 7/10, 9/10, 1/12, 5/12, 7/12, 11/12, 3/3, and 4/4


Fraction Blackjack
The same rules as Blackjack apply, but instead of trying to get to 21, try and get close to 1 without going over. Each student starts the game by being dealt one card, and, when it is their turn, they can draw as many additional cards as they wish. Once everyone is satisfied with their hand, all the players show their cards, and the one with the closest total to 1 without going over is the winner. With this game they practice addition and comparing -- it's great. You can also make it more challenging or bring in mixed numbers with Blackjack 2 or Blackjack 3. (Blackjack 2 means to try to get as close to 2 as possible without going over.)


Fraction War
Fraction War with the fraction cards: It is similar to the card game of War, but with the fraction cards instead. Shuffle the cards and split the deck equally between the players. Each player turns over one card. The player with the highest card wins the round and collects the cards played in that round. If there is a tie, the players then turn over an additional card. The highest of these two additional shown cards is the winner of that round and collects all of the cards played in that round. The game continues until one player has won all of the cards. This game helps students to compare fractions and encourages them to use number sense in comparison before using the algorithm of making equivalent fractions.


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